Cornell University

MPS/RN/PharmD

Public Health

Workers in public health fields focus on the community, national, and global health of entire populations rather than individuals and prevention rather than treatment after people are already sick or injured. They identify global, national, or community groups at risk for disease, develop public policy initiatives that address health problems, and work to ensure that all individuals receive adequate health care. All public health specialists work towards the ultimate goal of health promotion and disease prevention, but they differ in their methods and roles. They work as leaders, managers, educators, program designers and evaluators, policy analysts, advocates, and researchers. Public health fields are numerous. The main divisions include: biostatistics, environmental health, epidemiology, health education/behavior, health policy and management, international health, as well as others.

The following online resources should also help you in your research:

Click a link category to expand. | expand all

Health and Medicine
  • AAMC Enrichment Programs

    A database resource to help undergraduates locate enrichment programs on medical school campuses.

  • AAMC Graduate/MD Programs

    As you explore the MD-PhD career option, this site enables you to ask good questions and to make informed decisions. You should also contact individual MD-PhD programs for answers to specific questions.

  • AAMC Summer Undergraduate Research Programs

    Sites include universities, and medical schools.

  • Alternative Medicine School Search

    A directory of many alternative health career programs.

  • Amercian Medical Association: Virtual Mentor

    Virtual Mentor is the American Medical Association's online ethics journal. The journal is open-access and advertisement-free—we strongly believe that ethics education for physicians and physicians-to-be is in the public's interest and should be made available without charge. Founded in 1999, Virtual Mentor (VM) explores the ethical issues and challenges that students, residents, and other physicians are likely to confront in their training and daily practice.

  • American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP)

    AANP is a professional membership organization in the United States for NPs of all specialties.

  • American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA)

    The American AAPA is a national organization that represents physician assistants in all specialties and all employment settings.

  • American Association for the History of Medicine

    The professional organization for historians of medicine.

  • American Association of Colleges of Nursing

    Comprehensive site with information on the profession, schools, and financial aid.

  • American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM)

    The AACOM represents the administration, faculty, and students of the nation's osteopathic medical schools.

  • American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP)

    The Student Center has information on requirements, application, financial aid, etc.

  • American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine (AACPM)

    The AACPM is a not-for-profit educational association consisting of six colleges of podiatric medicine and over 200 hospitals and institutions that offer graduate or postdoctoral training in podiatric medicine.

  • American Association of Naturopathic Physicians

    The AANP is the national professional society representing naturopathic physicians who are licensed or eligible for licensing as primary care providers.

  • American Association of Nurse Anesthetists

    The AANA is the professional organization for more than 44,000 nurse anesthetists. As advanced practice nurses, CRNAs administer more than 32 million anesthetics in the United States each year. CRNAs practice in every setting where anesthesia is available and are the primary providers of anesthesia care in rural America. They administer every type of anesthetic, and provide care for every type of surgery or procedure, from open heart to cataract to pain management.

  • American Chiropractic Association

    The ACA provides lobbying, public relations, professional, and educational opportunities for doctors of chiropractic.

  • American College of Epidemiology

    The American College of Epidemiology is an organization of epidemiologists that serves the interests of the profession and its members through advocating for issues pertinent to epidemiology, a credential-based admission and promotion process, sponsorship of scientific meetings, publications and educational activities, and recognizing outstanding contributions to the field.

  • American College of Health Executives (ACHE)

    Professional association of healthcare management executives with resources for students.

  • American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM)

    ACNM is a women's health care organization that provides research, accredits midwifery education programs, administers and promotes continuing education programs, and establishes clinical practice standards.

  • American College of Physician Executives (ACPE)

    ACPE is the AMA-recognized specialty society representing physicians in health care leadership.

  • American Dental Association (ADA)

    The ADA is the professional association of dentists that fosters the success of a diverse membership and advances the oral health of the public.

  • American Dental Education Association

    ADEA is a national organization for dental education. Members include all U.S. and Canadian dental schools, advanced dental education programs and hospital dental education programs.

  • American Dietetic Association

    The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics is the world's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. The Academy is committed to improving the nation's health and advancing the profession of dietetics through research, education and advocacy.

  • American Health Care Association (AHCA)

    The American Health Care Association (AHCA) is a non-profit federation of affiliated state health organizations, together representing more than 11,000 non-profit and for-profit nursing facility, assisted living, developmentally-disabled, and subacute care providers that care for approximately one million elderly and disabled individuals each day.

  • American Medical Association

    Since 1847 the American Medical Association (AMA) has had one mission: to promote the art and science of medicine and the betterment of public health.

  • American Nurses Association (ANA)

    The American Nurses Association (ANA) is the only full-service professional organization representing the interests of the nation's 3.1 million registered nurses through its constituent member nurses associations and its organizational affiliates. The ANA advances the nursing profession by fostering high standards of nursing practice, promoting the rights of nurses in the workplace, projecting a positive and realistic view of nursing, and by lobbying the Congress and regulatory agencies on health care issues affecting nurses and the public.

  • American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA)

    AOTA is the professional association of occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, and students of occupational therapy.

  • American Physical Therapy Association (APTA)

    APTA is a national professional organization that fosters advancements in physical therapy practice, research, and education. Especially see information for prospective students.

  • American Physician Scientists Association (APSA)

    Addresses the needs of future physician scientists, their training and career development.

  • American Public Health Association (APHA)

    The APHA is an organization of public health professionals, representing over 50,000 members from over 50 public health occupations.

  • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

    The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) is the membership organization that works on behalf of pharmacists who practice in hospitals and health systems.

  • American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)

    The ASHA is a professional, scientific, and credentialing association for audiologists, speech-language pathologists, and speech, language, and hearing scientists.

  • Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)

    The AAMC is a non-profit association representing the nation's accredited medical schools, nearly 400 major teaching hospitals, faculty in academic and scientific societies, many medical students and residents.

  • Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges and VMCAS

    Links to schools and the VMCAS application.

  • Association of Schools and Colleges of Optometry (ASCO)

    ASCO is a non-profit education association representing the interests of optometric education. Its members include schools and colleges of optometry in the United States and Puerto Rico.

  • Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH)

    Features member schools and accreditation and other information.

  • Association of University Programs in Health Administration

    AUPHA is a not-for-profit association of university-based educational programs, faculty, practitioners, and provider organizations who are dedicated to continuously improving the field of health management and practice.

  • Best Nursing Degree

    This is a directory of over 2,300 nursing schools. Their goal is to help the seeker find the best nursing degree for his/her needs.

  • Careers in Healthcare Management

    Many career possibilities are detailed relating to health care management.

  • Center for Health and Global Environment

    The Center for Health and the Global Environment investigates and promotes awareness of the human health consequences of global environmental change.

  • Center for Studying Health System Change

    The Center provides analysis about changes in the health care system with the goal of contributing to better health policy.

  • Central Application Service for Physician Assistants (CASPA)

    The common application used by many PA programs.

  • Community Health Corps

    An AmeriCorps program. Members serve in 19 states, both in rural and urban areas, meeting the needs of migrant farm workers, the uninsured, under insured, and homeless individuals. Roles include clinic assistant, health educator, client advocate, marketing assistant, and pre-natal assistant.

  • Consortium of Academic Health Centers for Intergrative Medicine

    Information on academic medicine centers addressing this area.

  • Cornell - IC Applied Exercise Science Minor

    How to take Ithaca College courses to fulfill Physical Therapy prereqs.

  • Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists

    CSTE is an organization of member states and territories representing public health epidemiologists. CSTE works to establish more effective relationships among state and other health agencies.

  • Council on Chiropractic Education

    The Council on Chiropractic Education (CCE) is the agency recognized by the U.S. Secretary of Education for accreditation of programs and institutions offering the doctor of chiropractic degree.

  • Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH)

    Accreditation agency for schools of public health and graduate public health programs outside schools of public health.

  • Discover Nursing

    Search for schools and specialties.

  • Environmental Health Information Service

    The Environmental Health Information Service is a source for current, peer-reviewed research and news on environmental factors that affect human health.

  • ExploreHealthCareers.org

    An interactive source of up-to-date information about the health professions; very comprehensive.

  • Gannett Mentorship Program

    The Pre-Medical Community Mentorship Program gives selected Cornell students the opportunity to observe—up close—some of the daily realities of the medical profession.

  • Global Health Corps Fellowship

    GHC "aims to mobilize a global community of emerging leaders to build a movement for health equity." The 13-month fellowships are available in Rwanda, Malawi, Uganda, Burundi, Zambia, and the United States. Anyone committed to social justice and health equity is encouraged to apply. Several placements are available in each country; duties vary.

  • Global Health Education Consortium (GHEC)

    Founded in 1991, Global Health Education Consortium (GHEC) is a non-governmental agency consisting of faculty and health care educators dedicated to global education in health professions schools and residency programs. GHEC members are active in more than 70 health profession schools and training programs in the United States, Canada, Central America, and the Caribbean.

  • Gooznews

    A health wonk's newsletter and blog.

  • Health + Medical + Jobs

    Search for healthcare jobs and medical employment opportunities from across the U.S.

  • Health Career Center

    Figuring out which healthcare career or health occupation to pursue, or simply finding a good job, can be a difficult and time consuming endeavor. Healthcareercenter.org was created to help aspiring healthcare and medical students and job seekers make better, more informed career choices by providing them with highly relevant, reliable and up-to-date job search, career development, and employment information.

  • Health Professions Websites (NEAAHP)

    NEAAHP is committed to providing resources for our membership to stay informed about the various professions available to our students interested in Careers in the Health Professions.

  • HealthCorps

    An AmeriCorps program, Community HealthCorps is the largest health-focused, national AmeriCorps program that promotes health care for America's underserved, while developing tomorrow's health care workforce.  Community HealthCorps members (through AmeriCorps) perform a variety of activities associated with health services and programs for patients and community, often by functioning as community health workers. Benefits include living allowance, health care, education award. Must be U.S. citizen, national or lawful permanent resident.

  • Learn How to Become

    The guide begins with a comprehensive view of the larger nursing landscape, and then dives deeper into the field's many specializations, including registered nurses, licensed practical and vocational nurses, nurse practitioners, neonatal nurses and more. For each specialization, the guide examines the following elements: 1. Roles and responsibilities 2. Essential skills 3. Common and recommended educational paths 4. Career advancement 5. Salary by state and level 6. Related careers

  • Mayo Clinic Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship

    Each year, 120 sophomores and juniors from around the U.S. come to Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., to work beside both young and established scientists on a broad range of biomedical research questions. A limited number of fellowships are also available the Mayo Clinic campuses in Jacksonville, Florida and Scottsdale, Arizona.

  • MCAT Practice Tests - from AAMC

    Updated versions of retired exams, including Practice Tests 4-10. Tests match the computer-based MCAT administered starting 1/07. Practice tests include solutions for each item, automated scoring and diagnostics, customizable feedback, and test assistance features.

  • MD/PhD Training and Resources

    The GREAT Group provides professional development to, and fosters the exchange of information and ideas among, the faculty and administrative leaders of biomedical PhD, MD-PhD, and postdoctoral programs. The Group functions as a national forum to help these programs achieve their goal of educating successful biomedical researchers.

  • National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialist

    The National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS), founded in 1995, exists to enhance and promote the unique, high value contribution of the clinical nurse specialist to the health and well-being of individuals, families, groups, and communities, and to promote and advance the practice of nursing.

  • National Association of Free Clinics

    Directory of Free Clinics throughout the U.S.

  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

    NCCAM is part of NIH and is dedicated to exploring complementary and alternative healing practices

  • National Commission on Orthotic and Prosthetic Education

    Information about a field that uses clinical and technical skills to evaluate, design, fabricate, and fit orthoses and protheses.

  • National Institute of General Medical Sciences

    Information on research for disease diagnosis, treatment, and prevention.

  • National League for Nursing

    The National League for Nursing promotes excellence in nursing education to build a strong and diverse workforce to advance the nation's health.

  • Natural Healing and Massage Schools

    Information on Alternative and holistic health career schools and careers.

  • New York State Biotechnology Association

    A professional association with members in 250 bioscience companies, including biotechnology and biomedical. Their site lists jobs and provides information on their member employers.

  • NIH mHealth

    Training institutes focused on mobile technologies.

  • Nursing Career Center

    Trying to figure out which fields of nursing to pursue, or simply finding the perfect nursing job, can be a difficult and often time consuming endeavor. Nursingcareercenter.info was established to help nursing students as well as seasoned nursing professionals make better, more informed career and job choices by providing them with the most relevant, reliable and up-to-date occupational, career development, and job search information available.

  • NursingExplorer

    Are you new to nursing? Find out what it takes to become a nurse and the endless possibilities of nursing career, education requirements, job outlook, salary information and more.

  • Peterson's Nursing Programs

    Comprehensive nursing school information.

  • Pharmacy College Application Service - PharmCAS

    How to choose schools to apply to, the difference between pharmacy and pharmacology, the PharmD curriculum and more.

  • Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA)

    Lists information on PA programs across the country.

  • Prevention Institute

    Studies how man-made structures impact human health.

  • Psychology Degree Guide

    This website is provided as a free resources for psychology students and eductors. All psychology school and degree listings, resource links and information found on this site are strictly non-commercial in nature.

  • Rural Health Service Corps

    “The purpose of the Rural Health Service Corps is to provide meaningful service and learning opportunities for people committed to improving the health and lives of those living in South Central New York State.” Offers a variety of AmeriCorps positions in Central New York (State).

  • Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship

    Identifies "the world’s leading social entrepreneurs" and enables you to search for them by organization name, country, sector (e.g. health, microfinance, energy, etc.) and type of org (hybrid nonprofit, leveraged nonprofit, or social business). A good way to explore the field and to identify organizations of interest to you.

  • Sloane Career Cornerstone Center

    Career planning resources for science, technology, engineering, mathematics, computing, and healthcare.

  • Society for Medical Anthropology

    Information on this field that uses social, cultural, and biological information to better understand those factors which influence well being.

  • Student Doctor

    The Student Doctor Network (SDN) is a nonprofit website, dedicated to the pre-health and health professional student community. Includes med school interview reports.

  • Summer Medical and Dental Education Program

    Summer Medical and Dental Education Program (SMDEP) is a FREE (full tuition, housing, and meals) six-week summer academic enrichment program that offers freshman and sophomore college students intensive and personalized medical and dental school preparation.

  • The American Society of Human Genetics

    The American Society of Human Genetics (ASHG), founded in 1948, is the primary professional membership organization for human genetics specialists worldwide. The Society’s nearly 8,000 members include researchers, academicians, clinicians, laboratory practice professionals, genetic counselors, nurses and others who have a special interest in the field of human genetics. Their members work in a wide range of settings, including universities, hospitals, institutes, and medical and research laboratories.

  • The Next Generation

    Reveals the inner workings of medicine and the medical life. Includes selected materials from The New England Journal of Medicine.

  • The Sloan Program

    The Sloan Program is a two-year graduate academic program in health services management.

  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

    Research and public health internships in HHS, NIH, and other federal agencies.

  • U.S. National Library of Medicine

    View historical collections, journals, and videos.

  • University Coalitions for Global Health

    Career profiles, fellowships, and related information on global health work.

  • Virtual Library - Pharmacy

    Virtual Library provides links to information on pharmacy schools, pharmacy jobs, pharmaceutical companies, and other pharmacy-related internet resources.

  • Visions in Action

    Visions in Action is an international development organization based in Washington, DC with field offices in Uganda, Tanzania, South Africa and Liberia. VIA implements its own development programs in the areas of food security, education, international exchange, and HIV/AIDS, while also providing volunteer programs for those looking for a long-term international experience in developing countries.

  • webGURU Guide for Undergraduate Research

    The site assists undergraduates to navigate the hurdles of an undergraduate research experience. It includes listings of summer internships, scholarships, fellowships, and a discussion board. Fields include biomedical science, environmental science,, microbiology, environmental engineering, chemistry, biology, ecology, and more. Locations, stipends, and application dates vary.

  • Weill Cornell Medical College

    Weill Medical College is a clinical and medical research center offering degrees in medicine, and Ph.D. programs in biomedical research and education.

  • What is Public Health?

    The place to start when contemplating a career in public health.

Nursing and Advanced Practice Nursing Fields

Nursing is a field long recognized for its social usefulness, wide range of career options, and job security. Nurses enable patients to survive not only physically, but emotionally, as they work to protect patients from the risks created by illness and vulnerability. Nurses also assist patients and their family members with recovery, coping, healing, and dying. Options in nursing include direct care, independent practice, specialization, research, public policy, administration, the military, and education. Nursing can also be combined with degrees in public health,  administration, and law. The demand for nurses, while always high, will see an increase in the next decade with a million positions to fill.

The following online resources should also help you in your research:

Click a link category to expand. | expand all

Nursing and Physician Assistant
  • American Academy of Nurse Practitioners (AANP)

    AANP is a professional membership organization in the United States for NPs of all specialties.

  • American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA)

    The American AAPA is a national organization that represents physician assistants in all specialties and all employment settings.

  • American Association of Colleges of Nursing

    Comprehensive site with information on the profession, schools, and financial aid.

  • American Association of Nurse Anesthetists

    The AANA is the professional organization for more than 44,000 nurse anesthetists. As advanced practice nurses, CRNAs administer more than 32 million anesthetics in the United States each year. CRNAs practice in every setting where anesthesia is available and are the primary providers of anesthesia care in rural America. They administer every type of anesthetic, and provide care for every type of surgery or procedure, from open heart to cataract to pain management.

  • American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM)

    ACNM is a women's health care organization that provides research, accredits midwifery education programs, administers and promotes continuing education programs, and establishes clinical practice standards.

  • American Health Care Association (AHCA)

    The American Health Care Association (AHCA) is a non-profit federation of affiliated state health organizations, together representing more than 11,000 non-profit and for-profit nursing facility, assisted living, developmentally-disabled, and subacute care providers that care for approximately one million elderly and disabled individuals each day.

  • American Nurses Association (ANA)

    The American Nurses Association (ANA) is the only full-service professional organization representing the interests of the nation's 3.1 million registered nurses through its constituent member nurses associations and its organizational affiliates. The ANA advances the nursing profession by fostering high standards of nursing practice, promoting the rights of nurses in the workplace, projecting a positive and realistic view of nursing, and by lobbying the Congress and regulatory agencies on health care issues affecting nurses and the public.

  • Central Application Service for Physician Assistants (CASPA)

    The common application used by many PA programs.

  • Discover Nursing

    Search for schools and specialties.

  • Health + Medical + Jobs

    Search for healthcare jobs and medical employment opportunities from across the U.S.

  • Learn How to Become

    The guide begins with a comprehensive view of the larger nursing landscape, and then dives deeper into the field's many specializations, including registered nurses, licensed practical and vocational nurses, nurse practitioners, neonatal nurses and more. For each specialization, the guide examines the following elements: 1. Roles and responsibilities 2. Essential skills 3. Common and recommended educational paths 4. Career advancement 5. Salary by state and level 6. Related careers

  • National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialist

    The National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS), founded in 1995, exists to enhance and promote the unique, high value contribution of the clinical nurse specialist to the health and well-being of individuals, families, groups, and communities, and to promote and advance the practice of nursing.

  • National League for Nursing

    The National League for Nursing promotes excellence in nursing education to build a strong and diverse workforce to advance the nation's health.

  • Nursing Career Center

    Trying to figure out which fields of nursing to pursue, or simply finding the perfect nursing job, can be a difficult and often time consuming endeavor. Nursingcareercenter.info was established to help nursing students as well as seasoned nursing professionals make better, more informed career and job choices by providing them with the most relevant, reliable and up-to-date occupational, career development, and job search information available.

  • NursingExplorer

    Are you new to nursing? Find out what it takes to become a nurse and the endless possibilities of nursing career, education requirements, job outlook, salary information and more.

  • Peterson's Guides

    Comprehensive guide to college information. (Also accessible through CCNet.)

  • Peterson's Nursing Programs

    Comprehensive nursing school information.

  • Physician Assistant Education Association (PAEA)

    Lists information on PA programs across the country.

  • Physician Assistant Program at Weill Cornell

    Cornell's PA Program is based at Weill Cornell Medical School in NYC.

Pharmacist

Pharmacists dispense drugs prescribed by doctors, dentists, veterinarians, and other health care providers. They advise providers and patients on dosages, interactions, and side effects of medication. They must understand the chemical, biological, and physical properties of drugs, including their use, composition, and clinical effects. 

The specific duties of a pharmacist vary according to place of practice. Over half of the licensed pharmacists practicing today are community pharmacists who fill prescriptions, advise on treatment regimens, and run businesses. Hospital pharmacists provide patients with accurate drug dosages, educate the medical staff on the use and effects of medications, monitor patients’ progress, and make changes in treatment as needed.

Pharmacists may also work in clinics, on-line pharmacies, the pharmaceutical industry, government agencies, and academic settings. Some enter the field of pharmacology to study the effects of drugs on humans and animals. A pharmacology degree does not prepare graduates to practice pharmacy.

New opportunities will emerge for pharmacists in pharmacoeconomics, the cost and benefit analysis of drug therapies; research and disease management; and pharmacy informatics, which uses information technology to improve patient care.

Most pharmacists work 40 hours a week. Some, including many self-employed pharmacists, work more than 50 hours a week. Nearly one out of every seven pharmacist works part-time.

The field is expected to grow at a faster than average rate. Nursing homes, home care, and assisted-living facilities will hire more pharmacists to handle the prescription needs of the growing elderly population.

The following online resources should also help you in your research:

Click a link category to expand. | expand all

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • AAPS-AFPE Gateway Scholarships

    Funding to encourage outstanding pre-doctoral students, who have completed at least three semesters of graduate study and have not more than three and a half years remaining, to continue their studies and earn the Ph.D. in the pharmaceutical sciences at a U.S. school or college of pharmacy. Deadline in March.

  • American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP)

    The Student Center has information on requirements, application, financial aid, etc.

  • American Society of Health-System Pharmacists

    The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP) is the membership organization that works on behalf of pharmacists who practice in hospitals and health systems.

  • Pharmacy College Application Service - PharmCAS

    How to choose schools to apply to, the difference between pharmacy and pharmacology, the PharmD curriculum and more.

  • Virtual Library - Pharmacy

    Virtual Library provides links to information on pharmacy schools, pharmacy jobs, pharmaceutical companies, and other pharmacy-related internet resources.