Cornell University

CV to Resume

Many graduate students have a curriculum vitae (CV) at the outset of their graduate studies. Most employers outside of academia prefer a resume, so you may need to convert your CV into a resume for your job search. 

In the United States, a CV describes an individual’s entire work experience—and there is no page limit. A resume for graduate students, on the other hand, is typically a one- or two-page document that lists an individual’s skills and experiences that are related to the job or internship. Sending the appropriate document—either a CV or a resume—tells employers that you can distinguish the differences between academic and non-academic environments and that you can adapt your skills to either environment.

The table below illustrates the categories of information typically included in a CV and in a resume.

Curriculum Vitae
  Summary/Objective Statement (optional)

Research/Teaching Interests

Special Committee Members



Research Experience
Teaching Experience
Additional Experience


(such as Leadership, Communication, Research, etc.)




Grants and Other Awards
Conference Presentations
Computer/Technical Skills

Select Grants and Awards
Select Publications
Select Presentations
Computer/Technical Skills


Tips on rearranging your CV to make it a resume

  • Do     not exceed two pages.
  • Think     creatively about how your academic experience can be translated into the     necessary skills for a non-academic environment. Consider skills such as     project management, leadership, teamwork, and communication.
  • Use     OptimalResume to view templates and sample resumes.
  • Look     at the Chronicle of Higher Education's CV Doctor that illustrates     the differences between a CV and a resume.
  • Consult     Versatile PhD’s PhD Career Finder to see examples of how PhD students     translated their CV into a resume for their first non-academic position.